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794 01 Krnov
Czech Republic

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Three phases of career guidance


Career counselors, who use structural approach, focus on two main sources of information:

  • the information about unemployed person.
  • the information about professions in labour market.

We divide the process of career guidance into three phases. In the first phase we focus on the client (in our case on the long term unemployed person). The client and the counsellor discuss client´s previous work experience, the client´s skills, qualification, professional trainings, interests, needs and so on. In the second phase, the focus turns to the labour market – the professions and job vacancies in the region available to the client. Finally, in the third phase, we combine information obatained from the two previous phases and create an individual client´s plan. The objective of this plan is to get a job that:

  • would use the client´s strengths,
  • would enable the client to achieve above average working results.   

The methods and techniques on this website are divided into three sections in accordance with the three above mentioned phases. To sum up, here follow the three phases again:

The first phase – Analysis of current situation of a long term unemployed person

The aim of this phase is:

  • to obtain realistic view of the client´s situation at the labor market.
  • to identify barriers to getting a job.
  • to summarize the client´s skills, abilities and strengths on which client can built further professional career.

The second phase –Selection of the best available profession

The aim of this phase is:

  • to inform the clients about the characteristics and requirements of professions that are or may be available to them.
  • to help clients to obtain a realistic view of the labour market (for example in their desired work area).

The third phase – Resolving the client´s situation

The aim of this phase is:

  • to combine the information obtained from the two previous phases and define the optimal job.
  • to create an individual plan to find and get the job.
  • to overcome barriers which prevent the client from finding a suitable job.
  • to help the client to adapt to the new job.